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学科主题: 物理化学
题名: Microwave promoted 5-hydroxymethylfurfural production in ionic liquids
作者: Li CZ(李昌志) ;  Zhao ZB(赵宗保) ;  Cai HL(蔡海乐) ;  Wang AQ(王爱琴) ;  Zheng MY(郑明远) ;  Zhang T(张涛)
会议名称: The 5th Sino-US Conference of Chemical Engineering
会议日期: 2009-10-13
出版日期: 2009-10-13
会议地点: 中国
其他题名: 离子液体中微波促进制备5-羟甲基糠醛
通讯作者: 张涛
部门归属: 十五室
主办者: 中国化工学会,美国化学工程师学会
摘要: The platform chemical 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), a hexose dehydration product, is an important bio-based chemical intermediate[1]. It can be further transformed into other chemicals such as 2,5-disubstituted furan derivatives and levulinic acid, which are considered as potential sustainable substitutes for building blocks derived from petrochemicals in the production of plastics and fine chemicals[2]. However, challenges remain to attain HMF from hexoses in a selective and cost-effective way[3]. In this study, we would like to report our results on HMF production using ionic liquids as solvents. Dialkylimidazolium halide ionic liquids were used as reaction media for dehydration of fructose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) under conventional oil-bath heating and microwave-assisted heating, respectively. It was found that the catalyst-free reaction in ionic liquids under oil-bath heating proceeded slowly. In the presence of various strong protonic acids and acidic ionic liquids, the reaction rate was substantially enhanced and the yields of HMF reached above 90%. In this case, however, side reactions were also induced by excessive catalyst. Meanwhile, water amount affect both dehydration rate and HMF yield significantly. By N2 blowing, water formed in the dehydration process could be removed instantaneously, thus higher HMF yield could be achieved. On the other hand, weak protonic acids and some organic acids, namely phosphoric acid, acetic acid and citric acid exhibited low catalytic activity. In the second part of this paper, microwave-assisted dehydration of fructose in ionic liquid was investigated. Under microwave irradiation, outstanding dehydration activity was obtained, fructose could be converted to HMF within 5 min in high selectivity with no other additive. More significantly, HMF yield of ca. 57%-97% could be obtained from high concentration fructose (50-1200 wt%) in ionic liquid under catalyst-free condition. For example, even a syrup made with 12.0 g of fructose in 1.0 g of C4mimCl, HMF yield up to 57% could be obtained within 4.8 min at 400 W irradiation. Our effort on HMF production in ionic liquids might pave a new path from carbohydrates to non-petrochemicals and biofuels.
语种: 中文
内容类型: 会议论文
URI标识: http://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/113734
Appears in Collections:中国科学院大连化学物理研究所_会议论文

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Recommended Citation:
Li CZ,Zhao ZB,Cai HL,et al. Microwave promoted 5-hydroxymethylfurfural production in ionic liquids[C]. 见:The 5th Sino-US Conference of Chemical Engineering. 中国. 2009-10-13.
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