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学科主题: 物理化学
题名: OH Produced from o-nitrophenol photolysis: A combined experimental and theoretical investigation
作者: Cheng SB(程世博) ;  Zhou CH(周灿华) ;  Sun JL(孙巨龙) ;  Yin HM(尹鸿鸣) ;  Han KL(韩克利)
会议名称: XXIII International Symposium on Molecular Beams
会议日期: 2009-6-1
出版日期: 2009-06-01
会议地点: 中国
通讯作者: 尹鸿鸣
部门归属: 十一室
主办者: 中国科学院大连化学物理研究所分子反应动力学国家重点实验室
摘要: As an important class of nitroaromatic compounds, nitrophenols are of particular interest since their presence in the environment has been acknowledged. Much work on the occurrence of nitrophenols in the environment, both in the gas and in the condensed phase, has been done, and nitrophenols have been discovered in different atmospheric compartments, such as ambient air, clouds, fog, and snow. Moreover, previous spectroscopic studies revealed that the strong absorption band of nitrophenols is in the atmospherically relevant UV region (300-400 nm), implying the photochemistry of nitrophenols might be important for the atmosphere. In the present work, photodissociation dynamics of o-nitrophenol (HOC6H4NO2) in the gas phase at different photolysis wavelengths (361-390 nm) is investigated, and the nascent OH radical is observed by the single-photon laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) technique. At all photolysis wavelengths, the OH radicals are formed in vibrationally cold state (υ″ = 0), and have similar rotational state distributions. The average rotational temperature for all photolysis wavelengths is approximately 970 ± 120 K, corresponding to a rotational energy of 1.9 ± 0.2 kcal mol-1. The spin-orbit and Λ-doublet states of the OH fragments formed in the dissociation are measured to be nonstatistical distributions. To get an insight into the dissociative mechanism leading to OH formation in the photolysis of o-nitrophenol, the potential energy surfaces of the OH-forming channels are mapped by ab initio theoretical calculations. According to both experimental and theoretical results, a possible mechanism for OH formation is proposed. It is suggested that electronically excited o-nitrophenol mostly relaxes to the lowest excited triplet state (T1) via intersystem crossing followed by intramolecular H transfer to form an aci-nitro isomer, from which OH elimination takes place by N-OH bond cleavage most likely. The transition state for the N-OH bond rupture channel is located on the T1 state and characterization of the dissociative state to be T1 state strongly supports much of our experimental findings.
语种: 中文
内容类型: 会议论文
URI标识: http://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/113936
Appears in Collections:中国科学院大连化学物理研究所_会议论文

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Recommended Citation:
Cheng SB,Zhou CH,Sun JL,et al. OH Produced from o-nitrophenol photolysis: A combined experimental and theoretical investigation[C]. 见:XXIII International Symposium on Molecular Beams. 中国. 2009-6-1.
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