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学科主题: 物理化学
题名: 燃料电池化学基础研究概述
作者: 孙公权
会议名称: 中国化学会第27届年会
会议日期: 2010-6-20
出版日期: 2010-06-20
会议地点: 中国
通讯作者: 孙公权
部门归属: 三室
主办者: 中国化学会
摘要: 燃料电池是一种将燃料的化学能直接转化为电能的电化学反应装置,自上世纪60年代中期碱性燃料电池(AFC)首次用于NASA空间计划以来,燃料电池已成为国际上研究开发的热点之一。燃料电池涉及电化学、催化化学、高分子化学、材料化学、量子化学等诸多化学学科,本报告重点探讨燃料电池相关的化学化工问题,主要包括电极、电池的电化学极化、浓差极化、欧姆极化等极化损失,电催化剂、电解质膜材料等设计优化、制备合成、表征评估,燃料、氧化剂的电化学氧化、还原反应机理,电池水热平衡管理、物料传输迁移、过程模型模拟、在线分析等研究进展以及燃料电池的发展趋势与技术挑战。 Fuel cells are devices to converse chemical energy stored in chemicals directly into electrical energy. Since the first use of alkaline fuel cells in space programs by NASA in the middle of 1960, research on fuel cells was becoming one of the hottest topics in the world. Fuel cells involve several chemistry branches, including electrochemistry, electrocatalysis, polymer chemistry, material chemistry, quantum chemistry and so on. This presentation will focus on the chemistry and chemical engineering issues of fuel cell relevant, covering from polarization losses of fuel cells including activation polarization, concentration polarization and ohmic polarization to recent progresses on (i) design, synthesis, characterization and evaluation of electrocatalysts and electrolyte membranes, (ii) reaction mechanisms of fuel oxidation and oxidant reduction reaction, (iii) management of water and heat balance in fuel cells, (iv) reactant transport and transfer, (v) modeling and simulation of processes, (vi) on-line/in-situ characterization techniques and so on. In addition, the new trends and the challenges of fuel cells will also be discussed.
语种: 中文
内容类型: 会议论文
URI标识: http://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/114442
Appears in Collections:中国科学院大连化学物理研究所_会议论文

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Recommended Citation:
孙公权. 燃料电池化学基础研究概述[C]. 见:中国化学会第27届年会. 中国. 2010-6-20.
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