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学科主题: 物理化学
题名: Energy efficiency evaluation of lipid production by oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides
作者: Zhou, Wenwen1;  Li, Yonghong1;  Zhang, Yongkui1;  Zhao, Zongbao2
通讯作者: 李永红
关键词: Mass-energy balance ;  Elementary analysis ;  Combustion heat ;  Biodiesel ;  Oleaginous yeast
刊名: JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
发表日期: 2012-04-01
DOI: 10.1007/s10973-011-1659-6
卷: 108, 期:1, 页:119-126
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
部门归属: 18
项目归属: 1816
产权排名: 2,4
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ;  Physical Sciences
类目[WOS]: Chemistry, Analytical ;  Chemistry, Physical
研究领域[WOS]: Chemistry
英文摘要: Mass-energy balance of lipid fermentation by oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides Y4 with glucose as sole carbon source was investigated. The elemental composition of the freeze-dried cell samples obtained at different time points was determined using a Vario EL3 analyzer to estimate the biomass energetic yield (eta). Then this work established the biomass energetic yield (eta) to sets of biochemical variables and a new equation was developed to determine eta without elemental composition of biomass. Biomass energetic yield estimated by the new equation was highly in accordance with that based on elemental composition. Bomb-calorimetric measurements were shown to be a direct method of quantifying the energy content of oleaginous yeasts. Combustion heat (Q(c)) of biomass determined experimentally was in consistent with those calculated according to its elementary contents. The relationship between lipid content and Q(c) of the cells was simulated and a new practical equation was developed based on lipid content (Y-L/S) to evaluate Q(c) of biomass. Biomass energetic yield of R. toruloides Y4 could reach higher than 0.8. Combustion heat of biomass obtained after 116 h was 33 (kJ g(-1)) that was about 73% of the combustion heat of diesel. The results revealed that R. toruloides Y4 was an efficient "energy-converter" in lipid production with glucose as the substrate. The results also implied the approaches to estimating eta of fermentation, and Q(c) of single oil cells developed in this study should be valuable to address the overall techno-economical analysis of bio-energy production.
关键词[WOS]: ELEMENTAL COMPOSITION ;  RHODOTORULA-GLUTINIS ;  BIODIESEL PRODUCTION ;  MICROORGANISMS ;  CAPACITY ;  BIOMASS ;  ACCUMULATION ;  LIQUEFACTION ;  COMBUSTION ;  ENTHALPY
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000302704500016
Citation statistics: 
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/118302
Appears in Collections:中国科学院大连化学物理研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Sichuan Univ, Dept Pharmaceut & Biol Engn, Sch Chem Engn, Chengdu 610065, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Div Biotechnol, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Zhou, Wenwen,Li, Yonghong,Zhang, Yongkui,et al. Energy efficiency evaluation of lipid production by oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides[J]. JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY,2012,108(1):119-126.
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