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Characterization of alumina-supported Ni and Ni-Pd catalysts for partial oxidation and steam reforming of hydrocarbons
Zhang, JC; Wang, YH; Ma, RY; Wu, DY
关键词Partial Oxidation Steam Reforming Hydrogen Production Fuel Cell Catalyst
刊名APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL
2003-04-10
243期:2页:251-259
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Physical Sciences ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
类目[WOS]Chemistry, Physical ; Environmental Sciences
研究领域[WOS]Chemistry ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
关键词[WOS]METHANOL
英文摘要Hydrogen production by partial oxidation and steam reforming (POSR) of n-octane has been investigated over alumina-supported Ni and Ni-Pd catalysts. The process was found to occur by a combination of exothermic partial oxidation and endothermic steam reforming. Ni/gamma-Al2O3 catalysts had good activity at high temperatures; the activity increased with increasing Ni loadings up to 5.0 wt.%. However, the Ni/gamma-Al2O3 catalysts rapidly lost activity during the POSR process. XRD results showed that an increase in the particle size was the main reason for the poor stability of the Ni/gamma-Al2O3 catalysts. A further important reason was the deposition of carbon produced during the POSR process on the Ni/gamma-Al2O3 catalyst surface. The activity and hydrogen selectivity of Ni-Pd/gamma-Al2O3 catalyst were significantly higher than the values of the nickel catalyst under the same experimental conditions. Catalytic stability was also enhanced by the presence of palladium. Such improvement indicates that palladium plays an important role in the catalytic action. SEM and TG results did not show any great difference between the fresh and spent Ni-Pd/gamma-Al2O3 catalysts. Overall, the bimetallic Ni-Pd/gamma-Al2O3 catalyst could be an effective catalyst for the production of hydrogen from hydrocarbons. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000182282000006
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/138282
专题中国科学院大连化学物理研究所
作者单位1.Beijing Inst Chem Technol, Minist Educ, Key Lab Sci & Technol Controllable Chem React, Dept Chem Engn, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dept Environm Engn, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
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Zhang, JC,Wang, YH,Ma, RY,et al. Characterization of alumina-supported Ni and Ni-Pd catalysts for partial oxidation and steam reforming of hydrocarbons[J]. APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL,2003,243(2):251-259.
APA Zhang, JC,Wang, YH,Ma, RY,&Wu, DY.(2003).Characterization of alumina-supported Ni and Ni-Pd catalysts for partial oxidation and steam reforming of hydrocarbons.APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL,243(2),251-259.
MLA Zhang, JC,et al."Characterization of alumina-supported Ni and Ni-Pd catalysts for partial oxidation and steam reforming of hydrocarbons".APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL 243.2(2003):251-259.
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