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Catalytic cracking of C4 alkenes to propene and ethene: Influences of zeolites pore structures and Si/Al-2 ratios
Zhu, XX; Liu, SL; Song, YQ; Xu, LY
KeywordButene Propene Ethene Catalytic Cracking Zeolite Catalysts
Source PublicationAPPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL
2005-07-15
DOI10.1016/j.apcata.2005.04.050
Volume288Issue:1-2Pages:134-142
Indexed BySCI
SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS SubjectChemistry, Physical ; Environmental Sciences
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS KeywordZSM-5 TYPE ZEOLITE ; DILUTE ETHENE ; AROMATIZATION ; HYDROCARBONS ; DEACTIVATION ; CONVERSION ; AROMATICS ; MECHANISM ; ACIDITY ; COKING
AbstractCatalytic cracking of butene to propene and ethene was carried out in a continuous plug-flow stainless steel reactor over various zeolites with different pore structures and Si/Al-2 ratios. It was found that the porous structure and acidity of zeolites play important roles in the zeolite performance in the butene cracking process. The smaller the pore size of the zeolite catalysts, the higher the initial selectivities towards propene and ethene and the lower the initial selectivities to C-3-C-4 alkanes. This is attributed to a suppression of the hydrogen transfer reaction of the alkenes. Although high initial selectivities to propene and ethene could be gained on medium-pore zeolites of ZSM-22, ZSM-23, ZSM-35 and on small-pore zeolite SAPO-34, the stabilities of all these zeolites were poor. On the other hand, due to its special structure characteristic, the ZSM-5 zeolite exhibited the best stability in the catalytic cracking of butene among the tested zeolites. MCM-22 also presented a better catalytic performance. Besides the pore structure, the acidity, which was influenced by the Si/Al-2 ratio of the zeolite, was another important factor affecting the performance of the zeolites. By increasing the Si/Al-2 ratio of the ZSM-5 zeolite, the selectivities to propene and ethene and the stabilities were remarkably increased owing to a suppression of secondary reactions. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000230685200018
Citation statistics
Cited Times:113[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/139685
Collection中国科学院大连化学物理研究所
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, State Key Lab Catalysis, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu, XX,Liu, SL,Song, YQ,et al. Catalytic cracking of C4 alkenes to propene and ethene: Influences of zeolites pore structures and Si/Al-2 ratios[J]. APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL,2005,288(1-2):134-142.
APA Zhu, XX,Liu, SL,Song, YQ,&Xu, LY.(2005).Catalytic cracking of C4 alkenes to propene and ethene: Influences of zeolites pore structures and Si/Al-2 ratios.APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL,288(1-2),134-142.
MLA Zhu, XX,et al."Catalytic cracking of C4 alkenes to propene and ethene: Influences of zeolites pore structures and Si/Al-2 ratios".APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL 288.1-2(2005):134-142.
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