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Preparation and characterization of sulfated zirconia(SO42-/ZrO2)/Nafion composite membranes for PEMFC operation at high temperature/low humidity
Zhai, Yunfeng; Zhang, Huamin; Hu, Jingwei; Yi, Baolian
KeywordSulfated Zirconia Composite Membrane S-zro2/nafion High Temperature Pemfc Ion Exchange Capacity
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE
2006-09-01
DOI10.1016/j.memsci.2006.01.028
Volume280Issue:1-2Pages:148-155
Indexed BySCI
SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology ; Physical Sciences
WOS SubjectEngineering, Chemical ; Polymer Science
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Polymer Science
WOS KeywordFUEL-CELLS ; PROTON CONDUCTIVITY ; ZIRCONIA ; ACID ; CATALYSTS ; NAFION ; 100-DEGREES-C
AbstractFine particle superacidic sulfated zirconia (SO42-/ZrO2, S-ZrO2) was synthesized by ameliorated method, and composite membranes with different S-ZrO2 contents were prepared by a recasting procedure from a suspension of S-ZrO2 powder and Nation solution. The physico-chemical properties of the membranes were studied by ion exchange capacity (IEC) and liquid water uptake measurements, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, thermogravimetry-mass spectrometry (TG-MS) and Fourier transform infrared (Fr-IR) spectroscopy. The results showed that the IEC of composite membrane increased with the content of S-ZrO2, S-ZrO2 was compatible with the Nafion matrix, the incorporation of the S-ZrO2 could increase the crystallinity and also improve the initial degradation temperature of the composite membrane. The performance of single cell was the best when the S-ZrO2 content was 15 wt.%, and achieved 1.35 W/cm(2) at 80 degrees C and 0.99 W/cm(2) at 120 degrees C based on H-2/O-2 and at a pressure of 2 atm, the performance of the single cell with optimized S-ZrO2 was far more than that of the Nation at the same condition (e.g. 1.28W/cm(2) at 80 degrees C, 0.75 W/cm(2) at 120 degrees C). The 15 wt.% S-ZrO2/Nafion composite membrane showed lower fuel cell internal resistance than Nation membranes at high temperature and low relative humidity (RH). (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000239472900019
Citation statistics
Cited Times:120[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/139957
Collection中国科学院大连化学物理研究所
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Key Mat & Tech, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhai, Yunfeng,Zhang, Huamin,Hu, Jingwei,et al. Preparation and characterization of sulfated zirconia(SO42-/ZrO2)/Nafion composite membranes for PEMFC operation at high temperature/low humidity[J]. JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE,2006,280(1-2):148-155.
APA Zhai, Yunfeng,Zhang, Huamin,Hu, Jingwei,&Yi, Baolian.(2006).Preparation and characterization of sulfated zirconia(SO42-/ZrO2)/Nafion composite membranes for PEMFC operation at high temperature/low humidity.JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE,280(1-2),148-155.
MLA Zhai, Yunfeng,et al."Preparation and characterization of sulfated zirconia(SO42-/ZrO2)/Nafion composite membranes for PEMFC operation at high temperature/low humidity".JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE 280.1-2(2006):148-155.
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