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题名: Mechanistic studies of IspH in the deoxyxylulose phosphate pathway: Heterolytic C-O bond cleavage at C(4) position
作者: Xiao, Youli1;  Zhao, Zongbao K.2;  Liu, Pinghua1
刊名: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY
发表日期: 2008-02-20
DOI: 10.1021/ja710245d
卷: 130, 期:7, 页:2164-+
收录类别: SCI ;  IC
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ;  Physical Sciences
类目[WOS]: Chemistry, Multidisciplinary
研究领域[WOS]: Chemistry
英文摘要: Isoprenoids are one of the largest and most structurally diverse groups of metabolites in nature. Their biosyntheses require two precursors, isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and its isomer, dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP). There are two different pathways for the synthesis of IPP and DMAPP: the deoxyxylulose phosphate (DXP) pathway and the mevalonic acid (MVA) pathway. More importantly, these two pathways have a well-defined distribution among different kingdoms. Most pathogenic bacteria and protozoan parasites utilize the DXP pathway, while animals synthesize their isoprenoid precursors from acety-CoA via the MVA pathway. Plants have both DXP and MVA pathways. Thus, mechanistic studies on the DXP pathway enzymes may lead to the development of mechanism-based inhibitors as herbicides, broad-spectrum antibiotics, and antimalaria drugs. IspH in the DXP pathway catalyzes the reductive dehydration of (E)-4-hydroxy-3-metho-2-butenyl diphosphate (HMBPP) to form IPP and DMAPP, the last step in the DXP pathway. Recent EPR studies reported in literature suggest that IspH is a unique iron-site-containing [4Fe-4S] protein. In this study, we studied the IspH-catalyzed reductive dehydration mechanism using two substrate analogues. Our data reported herein provide evidence to not only support the integrity of the C1 position C-O bond during reaction, they also suggest a heterolytic C-O bond cleavage at the C4 position for IspH-catatyzed reductive dehydration reaction. Our kinetic studies also suggest that the C4 hydroxyl group is involved in substrate binding. Because the IspH-catalyzed reductive dehydration reaction does not fall into the two known classes of unique iron-site-containing [4Fe-4S] proteins, aconitase-type and radical SAM-type enzymes, IspH may represent a new class of iron-sulfur-containing proteins.
关键词[WOS]: LYASE ACTIVATING ENZYME ;  TERPENE BIOSYNTHETIC-PATHWAY ;  S-ADENOSYLMETHIONINE ;  ISOPRENOID BIOSYNTHESIS ;  ESCHERICHIA-COLI ;  PROTEIN ;  CLUSTER ;  BINDS ;  SUPERFAMILY ;  DIPHOSPHATE
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000253173300024
Citation statistics: 
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/141006
Appears in Collections:中国科学院大连化学物理研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Boston Univ, Dept Chem, Boston, MA 02215 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Xiao, Youli,Zhao, Zongbao K.,Liu, Pinghua. Mechanistic studies of IspH in the deoxyxylulose phosphate pathway: Heterolytic C-O bond cleavage at C(4) position[J]. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY,2008,130(7):2164-+.
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