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题名: New Carbon Materials as Catalyst Supports in Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells
作者: Tang Shuihua1, 2;  Sun Gongquan2;  Qi Jing2;  Sun Shiguo2;  Guo Junsong2;  Xin Qin2;  Haarberg, Geir Martin1
关键词: direct alcohol fuel cell ;  electrocatalyst ;  carbon nanofiber ;  carbon nanotube ;  ordered porous carbon ;  carbon nanocoil ;  carbon nanohorn
刊名: CHINESE JOURNAL OF CATALYSIS
发表日期: 2010
DOI: 10.1016/S1872-2067(09)60034-6
卷: 31, 期:1, 页:12-17
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Review
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ;  Physical Sciences ;  Technology
类目[WOS]: Chemistry, Applied ;  Chemistry, Physical ;  Engineering, Chemical
研究领域[WOS]: Chemistry ;  Engineering
英文摘要: Electrocatalytic reactions in direct alcohol fuel cells involve solid, liquid, and gas phase transport and electron and proton transfer. Better supports for the electrocatalysts are needed to carry out the reactions successfully and give a longer lifetime for the electrocatalysts. An ideal carbon support should have a high specific surface area, good electric conductivity, suitable pore size, favorable surface functional groups, good corrosion resistance, and low cost. Much work has been done on developing new carbon materials and modifying the carbon materials by pretreatment with acid, alkali, oxidant, or polymer to meet these requirements. In this work, commercial carbon supports that include the widely used carbon black Vulcan XC-72R, acetylene black, black pearls 2000, Printex XE-2, and Ketjen Black EC were briefly reviewed. New carbon materials such as carbon nanofibers, carbon nanotubes, ordered porous carbon, mesocarbon microbeads, carbon nanohorns, carbon nanocoils, and carbon aerogels were reviewed in detail. These new carbon materials generally give better performance due to their special structure, better crystallinity, and faster mass transfer when compared to the commercial materials, and carbon nanotubes demonstrated the best performance up to the present time.
关键词[WOS]: ELECTROCATALYTIC PROPERTIES ;  METHANOL ELECTROOXIDATION ;  PLATINUM NANOPARTICLES ;  MESOPOROUS CARBON ;  CATHODE CATALYST ;  POROUS CARBONS ;  NANOTUBES ;  PERFORMANCE ;  NANOFIBERS ;  UNIFORM
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000274753100002
Citation statistics: 
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/142259
Appears in Collections:中国科学院大连化学物理研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dalian 116023, Liaoning, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Tang Shuihua,Sun Gongquan,Qi Jing,et al. New Carbon Materials as Catalyst Supports in Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF CATALYSIS,2010,31(1):12-17.
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