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题名: Preparation of dual-layer cellulose/polysulfone hollow fiber membrane and its performance for isopropanol dehydration and CO2 separation
作者: Mao, Zhiming1, 2;  Jie, Xingming1;  Cao, Yiming1;  Wang, Lina1;  Li, Meng1;  Yuan, Quan1
关键词: Cellulose ;  NMMO ;  Dual-layer hollow fiber ;  Pervaporation ;  CO2 separation
刊名: SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
发表日期: 2011-02-02
DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2010.11.031
卷: 77, 期:1, 页:179-184
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ;  Technology
类目[WOS]: Engineering, Chemical
研究领域[WOS]: Engineering
英文摘要: Dual-layer cellulose/polysulfone (P50 hollow fiber membrane used for isopropanol (IPA) dehydration and CO2 separation was prepared by using co-extrusion technique with a triple-orifice spinneret. N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide monohydrate (NMMO center dot H2O) was selected as the cellulose solvent since it can dissolve cellulose through a purely physical process. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images show that there is no obvious delamination between the inner and outer layer and no obvious defect can be seen in the outer skin of the fiber. In order to find out the advantage of novel prepared dual-layer membrane over homogeneous cellulose membrane, tests including isopropanol dehydration by pervaporation and CO2 separation were carried out. For pervaporation experiments, the effects of operation conditions including feed concentration and operation temperature on pervaporation (PV) performance were investigated systemically. The results showed that similar with the flat cellulose membrane, the permeation flux increased obviously with the increase of both water concentration in feed and operation temperature. Under all tested conditions, water contents in permeate maintained higher than 99.90 wt.%, and it reached a maximum value of 99.98 wt.% with a water content of 5 wt.% in feed at 25 degrees C. Moreover, the water-swollen dual-layer cellulose/PSf hollow fiber membrane showed much higher gas permeation rate and comparable selectivities of CO2/H-2, CO2/N-2 and CO2/CH4. The CO2 permeance of dual layer cellulose/PSf hollow fiber membrane was similar to 3 GPU, which was five times higher than that of single-layer cellulose hollow fiber membrane. In a word, the performance, especially the permeation rate of new developed dual layer cellulose/PSf hollow fiber membrane was greatly improved by its reduced separation layer, and this could definitely increase its potential for later practical application. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
关键词[WOS]: N-OXIDE SOLUTION ;  GAS SEPARATION ;  PERVAPORATION DEHYDRATION ;  CELLULOSE ;  WATER ;  PERMEABILITY ;  FABRICATION ;  EXTRUSION ;  SOLVENTS ;  OIL
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000287295900024
Citation statistics: 
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/142340
Appears in Collections:中国科学院大连化学物理研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Mao, Zhiming,Jie, Xingming,Cao, Yiming,et al. Preparation of dual-layer cellulose/polysulfone hollow fiber membrane and its performance for isopropanol dehydration and CO2 separation[J]. SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY,2011,77(1):179-184.
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