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Preparation of dual-layer cellulose/polysulfone hollow fiber membrane and its performance for isopropanol dehydration and CO2 separation
Mao, Zhiming1,2; Jie, Xingming1; Cao, Yiming1; Wang, Lina1; Li, Meng1; Yuan, Quan1
关键词Cellulose Nmmo Dual-layer Hollow Fiber Pervaporation Co2 Separation
刊名SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
2011-02-02
DOI10.1016/j.seppur.2010.11.031
77期:1页:179-184
收录类别SCI
文章类型Article
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Technology
类目[WOS]Engineering, Chemical
研究领域[WOS]Engineering
关键词[WOS]N-OXIDE SOLUTION ; GAS SEPARATION ; PERVAPORATION DEHYDRATION ; CELLULOSE ; WATER ; PERMEABILITY ; FABRICATION ; EXTRUSION ; SOLVENTS ; OIL
英文摘要Dual-layer cellulose/polysulfone (P50 hollow fiber membrane used for isopropanol (IPA) dehydration and CO2 separation was prepared by using co-extrusion technique with a triple-orifice spinneret. N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide monohydrate (NMMO center dot H2O) was selected as the cellulose solvent since it can dissolve cellulose through a purely physical process. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images show that there is no obvious delamination between the inner and outer layer and no obvious defect can be seen in the outer skin of the fiber. In order to find out the advantage of novel prepared dual-layer membrane over homogeneous cellulose membrane, tests including isopropanol dehydration by pervaporation and CO2 separation were carried out. For pervaporation experiments, the effects of operation conditions including feed concentration and operation temperature on pervaporation (PV) performance were investigated systemically. The results showed that similar with the flat cellulose membrane, the permeation flux increased obviously with the increase of both water concentration in feed and operation temperature. Under all tested conditions, water contents in permeate maintained higher than 99.90 wt.%, and it reached a maximum value of 99.98 wt.% with a water content of 5 wt.% in feed at 25 degrees C. Moreover, the water-swollen dual-layer cellulose/PSf hollow fiber membrane showed much higher gas permeation rate and comparable selectivities of CO2/H-2, CO2/N-2 and CO2/CH4. The CO2 permeance of dual layer cellulose/PSf hollow fiber membrane was similar to 3 GPU, which was five times higher than that of single-layer cellulose hollow fiber membrane. In a word, the performance, especially the permeation rate of new developed dual layer cellulose/PSf hollow fiber membrane was greatly improved by its reduced separation layer, and this could definitely increase its potential for later practical application. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000287295900024
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/142340
专题中国科学院大连化学物理研究所
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Mao, Zhiming,Jie, Xingming,Cao, Yiming,et al. Preparation of dual-layer cellulose/polysulfone hollow fiber membrane and its performance for isopropanol dehydration and CO2 separation[J]. SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY,2011,77(1):179-184.
APA Mao, Zhiming,Jie, Xingming,Cao, Yiming,Wang, Lina,Li, Meng,&Yuan, Quan.(2011).Preparation of dual-layer cellulose/polysulfone hollow fiber membrane and its performance for isopropanol dehydration and CO2 separation.SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY,77(1),179-184.
MLA Mao, Zhiming,et al."Preparation of dual-layer cellulose/polysulfone hollow fiber membrane and its performance for isopropanol dehydration and CO2 separation".SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY 77.1(2011):179-184.
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