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Preparation of dual-layer cellulose/polysulfone hollow fiber membrane and its performance for isopropanol dehydration and CO2 separation
Mao, Zhiming1,2; Jie, Xingming1; Cao, Yiming1; Wang, Lina1; Li, Meng1; Yuan, Quan1
KeywordCellulose Nmmo Dual-layer Hollow Fiber Pervaporation Co2 Separation
Source PublicationSEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
2011-02-02
DOI10.1016/j.seppur.2010.11.031
Volume77Issue:1Pages:179-184
Indexed BySCI
SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology
WOS SubjectEngineering, Chemical
WOS Research AreaEngineering
WOS KeywordN-OXIDE SOLUTION ; GAS SEPARATION ; PERVAPORATION DEHYDRATION ; CELLULOSE ; WATER ; PERMEABILITY ; FABRICATION ; EXTRUSION ; SOLVENTS ; OIL
AbstractDual-layer cellulose/polysulfone (P50 hollow fiber membrane used for isopropanol (IPA) dehydration and CO2 separation was prepared by using co-extrusion technique with a triple-orifice spinneret. N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide monohydrate (NMMO center dot H2O) was selected as the cellulose solvent since it can dissolve cellulose through a purely physical process. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images show that there is no obvious delamination between the inner and outer layer and no obvious defect can be seen in the outer skin of the fiber. In order to find out the advantage of novel prepared dual-layer membrane over homogeneous cellulose membrane, tests including isopropanol dehydration by pervaporation and CO2 separation were carried out. For pervaporation experiments, the effects of operation conditions including feed concentration and operation temperature on pervaporation (PV) performance were investigated systemically. The results showed that similar with the flat cellulose membrane, the permeation flux increased obviously with the increase of both water concentration in feed and operation temperature. Under all tested conditions, water contents in permeate maintained higher than 99.90 wt.%, and it reached a maximum value of 99.98 wt.% with a water content of 5 wt.% in feed at 25 degrees C. Moreover, the water-swollen dual-layer cellulose/PSf hollow fiber membrane showed much higher gas permeation rate and comparable selectivities of CO2/H-2, CO2/N-2 and CO2/CH4. The CO2 permeance of dual layer cellulose/PSf hollow fiber membrane was similar to 3 GPU, which was five times higher than that of single-layer cellulose hollow fiber membrane. In a word, the performance, especially the permeation rate of new developed dual layer cellulose/PSf hollow fiber membrane was greatly improved by its reduced separation layer, and this could definitely increase its potential for later practical application. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000287295900024
Citation statistics
Cited Times:22[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/142340
Collection中国科学院大连化学物理研究所
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Mao, Zhiming,Jie, Xingming,Cao, Yiming,et al. Preparation of dual-layer cellulose/polysulfone hollow fiber membrane and its performance for isopropanol dehydration and CO2 separation[J]. SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY,2011,77(1):179-184.
APA Mao, Zhiming,Jie, Xingming,Cao, Yiming,Wang, Lina,Li, Meng,&Yuan, Quan.(2011).Preparation of dual-layer cellulose/polysulfone hollow fiber membrane and its performance for isopropanol dehydration and CO2 separation.SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY,77(1),179-184.
MLA Mao, Zhiming,et al."Preparation of dual-layer cellulose/polysulfone hollow fiber membrane and its performance for isopropanol dehydration and CO2 separation".SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY 77.1(2011):179-184.
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