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题名: Preparation and characterization of PdxAgy/C electrocatalysts for ethanol electrooxidation reaction in alkaline media
作者: Li, Guanglan1, 2;  Jiang, Luhua1;  Jiang, Qian1, 2;  Wang, Suli1;  Sun, Gongquan1
关键词: Electrocatalyst ;  Ethanol electrooxidation ;  PdAg alloy degree ;  Particle size ;  Alkaline media
刊名: ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA
发表日期: 2011-09-01
DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2011.06.036
卷: 56, 期:22, 页:7703-7711
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ;  Physical Sciences
类目[WOS]: Electrochemistry
研究领域[WOS]: Electrochemistry
英文摘要: Carbon-supported bimetallic PdAg catalysts with Pd/Ag atomic ratios varying from 4/1 to 1/2 were prepared by an impregnation-reduction method. The impregnated black mixture was treated in H-2/N-2 atmosphere at a temperature varying from 180 to 500 degrees C. The obtained PdxAgy/C catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometry (CA). XRD results show that the lattice constant of Pd is dilated, suggesting the formation of PdAg alloy. The lattice constant of Pd for the PdxAgy/C-500 (reduced at 500 degrees C by H-2) increases linearly and the average metal particle size decreases slightly from 6.8 to 5.1 nm with increasing Ag fractions from 20% to 67% in the PdAg composition. For PdxAgy/C catalysts with a certain specific Pd/Ag atomic ratio, e.g., Pd2Ag1/C, the dilated lattice constant of Pd is independent of the reducing temperature, indicating the alloy degree for the Pd2Ag1/C-t catalysts is comparable. The average metal particle size for the Pd2Ag1/C-t catalysts increases from 3.4 to 5.2 nm with H-2 reduction temperature increasing from 180 to 500 degrees C. The potentiodynamic measurements on ethanol electrooxidation reaction (EOR) show that the catalytic activities for the PdxAgy/C-t catalysts toward the EOR are improved by alloying Pd with Ag. At typical potential of a working fuel cell, e.g., -0.4V vs. Hg/HgO, the EOR current density presents a volcano shape as a function of the Ag fractions in PdAg with the maximum occurs at the Pd/Ag atomic ratios between 2/1 and 3/1. The CA tests show that the PdxAgy/C-500 catalysts perform high stability than that of Pd/C-500. The improved EOR activity for the PdxAgy/C-t catalysts, compared with whether Pd/C or Ag/C catalyst, may possibly be attributed to the formation of PdAg alloy and the fitted particle size. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
关键词[WOS]: SUPPORTED PLATINUM CATALYSTS ;  ALCOHOL FUEL-CELLS ;  ALLOY ELECTROCATALYSTS ;  OXYGEN REDUCTION ;  PD/C CATALYSTS ;  SIZE ANALYSIS ;  OXIDATION ;  PALLADIUM ;  METHANOL ;  OXIDE
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000295303700039
Citation statistics: 
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/142700
Appears in Collections:中国科学院大连化学物理研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Direct Alcohol Fuel Cell Lab, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Li, Guanglan,Jiang, Luhua,Jiang, Qian,et al. Preparation and characterization of PdxAgy/C electrocatalysts for ethanol electrooxidation reaction in alkaline media[J]. ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA,2011,56(22):7703-7711.
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