DICP OpenIR
Subject Area物理化学
Carbon nanotubes grown in situ on carbon paper as a microporous layer for proton exchange membrane fuel cells
Xie, Zhiyong1; Chen, Guofen1; Yu, Xiao2; Hou, Ming2; Shao, Zhigang2; Hong, Shaojing2; Mu, Cong2; Hou M(侯明)
KeywordProton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Gas Diffusion Layer In-situ Carbon Nanotubes Mass Transfer
Source PublicationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
2015-08-03
DOI10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.04.129
Volume40Issue:29Pages:8958-8965
Indexed BySCI
SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences ; Technology
WOS SubjectChemistry, Physical ; Electrochemistry ; Energy & Fuels
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Electrochemistry ; Energy & Fuels
WOS KeywordCHEMICAL-VAPOR-DEPOSITION ; GAS-DIFFUSION LAYERS ; MICRO-POROUS LAYER ; ELECTROCHEMICAL IMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY ; PERFORMANCE ; ELECTRODES ; PEMFC ; NANOPARTICLES ; BLACK ; SIZE
AbstractThe performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is greatly influenced by the characteristics of gas diffusion layer (GDL). Herein, in situ grown carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on carbon paper as a gas diffusion layer (GDL) were fabricated by a plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) process. Fuel cells using CNT-based GDLs with nickel (II) nitrate loading of 1.6 mg cm(-2) show better performance compared with the GDLs which employ Vulcan XC-72 as the MPL. The pore size distribution and the gas permeability results revealed that the increasing density of CNT layer had two main effects on the pore structure of GDL: firstly, the increasing density of CNT layer decreased the macro pore volume and the open through pore volume of CNT-based GDL; secondly, the increasing density of CNT layer decreased the micro pore diameter of CNT-based GDL. The data obtained from the vapor permeability and the fuel cell performance tests indicated that the water flooding can be reduced by applying CNT-based GDLs. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) confirmed that the CNT-based GDL can effectively promote the mass transfer in the FCs which was attributed to its suitable hydrophobicity and proper structure. Copyright (C) 2015, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000357228300022
Citation statistics
Cited Times:14[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/143772
Collection中国科学院大连化学物理研究所
Corresponding AuthorHou M(侯明)
Affiliation1.Cent S Univ, State Key Lab Powder Met, Changsha 410083, Hunan, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Fuel Cell Syst & Engn Lab, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xie, Zhiyong,Chen, Guofen,Yu, Xiao,et al. Carbon nanotubes grown in situ on carbon paper as a microporous layer for proton exchange membrane fuel cells[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY,2015,40(29):8958-8965.
APA Xie, Zhiyong.,Chen, Guofen.,Yu, Xiao.,Hou, Ming.,Shao, Zhigang.,...&侯明.(2015).Carbon nanotubes grown in situ on carbon paper as a microporous layer for proton exchange membrane fuel cells.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY,40(29),8958-8965.
MLA Xie, Zhiyong,et al."Carbon nanotubes grown in situ on carbon paper as a microporous layer for proton exchange membrane fuel cells".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY 40.29(2015):8958-8965.
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