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题名: Thermochemical CO2 splitting reaction with CexM1-xO2-delta (M = Ti4+, Sn4+, Hf4+, Zr4+, La3+, Y3+ and Sm3+) solid solutions
作者: Jiang, Qingqing1, 2;  Zhou, Guilin1, 2;  Jiang, Zongxuan1;  Li, Can1
关键词: Solar energy ;  CO2 reduction ;  Thermochemical splitting reaction ;  Ceria based solid solution ;  Kinetics
刊名: SOLAR ENERGY
发表日期: 2014
DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2013.10.021
卷: 99, 页:55-66
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ;  Technology
类目[WOS]: Energy & Fuels
研究领域[WOS]: Energy & Fuels
英文摘要: This study deals with doping of CeO2 with different cations M (M = Ti4+, Sn4+, Hf4+, Zr4+, La3+, Y3+ and Sm3+) to improve the reaction activity in two step thermochemical CO2 splitting reaction. The results show that the addition of tetravalent cations M (M = Ti4+, Sn4+, Hf4+ and Zr4+) into CeO2 significantly enhances the O-2 evolution activity. The O-2 production at 1400 degrees C increases as follows: CeO2 (2.5 ml/g) < Ce0.75Zr0.25O2, (6.5 ml/g) < Ce0.75Hf0.25O2 (7.2 ml/g) < Ce0.8Sn0.2O2 (11.2 ml/g) < Ce0.8Ti0.2O2 (13.2 ml/g). The corresponding CO production is increased from 4.5 ml/g for CeO2 up to 10.6 ml/g for Ce0.75Zr0.25O2 synthesized by solution combustion method. For Ce0.75Hf0.25O2 and Ce0.75Zr0.25O2 synthesized by hydrothermal method, steady-state CO and O-2 production with a ratio of near 2 occurs simultaneously when the temperature exceeds 1100 degrees C and we define the phenomena as "one step thermochemical CO2 splitting reaction". Further investigations for one step thermochemical CO2 splitting with both CeO2 and Ce0.75Zr0.25O2 as catalysts and blank reaction tube as reference from 1200 degrees C to 1400 degrees C are also performed. 16.8 ml/h of CO was produced for 0.5 g of Ce0.75Zr0.25O2 at 1400 degrees C which indicates that one step reaction may be a promising way for CO2 reduction. For Ce0.8Ti0.2O2 and Ce0.8Sn0.2O2, although the O-2 production is increased several times as compared to CeO2, the CO generation activity is still low due to the formation of Ce2Ti2O7 and Ce2Sn2O7 after the high temperature reduction reaction. The doping of trivalent cations M (M = La3+, Y3+ and Sm3+) into ceria has negative effect both on the O-2 evolution activity and the CO production. The estimated activation energy for the reduction step of Ce0.75Zr0.25O2 is much lower than that of CeO2 and Ce0.85La0.15O2-delta. The CO generation reaction of CeO2, Ce0.85La0.15O2-delta and Ce0.75Zr0.25O2-C (synthesized by solid solution combustion method) is a surface limited reaction. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
关键词[WOS]: SOLAR HYDROGEN-PRODUCTION ;  OXYGEN STORAGE CAPACITY ;  KINETIC-ANALYSIS ;  CERIA-ZIRCONIA ;  CEO2 ;  DISSOCIATION ;  OXIDATION ;  CYCLE ;  OXIDE ;  H2O
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000330489900006
Citation statistics: 
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/145673
Appears in Collections:中国科学院大连化学物理研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dalian Natl Lab Clean Energy, State Key Lab Catalysis, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
2.Grad Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Jiang, Qingqing,Zhou, Guilin,Jiang, Zongxuan,et al. Thermochemical CO2 splitting reaction with CexM1-xO2-delta (M = Ti4+, Sn4+, Hf4+, Zr4+, La3+, Y3+ and Sm3+) solid solutions[J]. SOLAR ENERGY,2014,99:55-66.
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