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题名: 1,2,4-Triazolium perfluorobutanesulfonate as an archetypal pure protic organic ionic plastic crystal electrolyte for all-solid-state fuel cells
作者: Luo, Jiangshui1, 2;  Jensen, Annemette H.3;  Brooks, Neil R.4;  Sniekers, Jeroen4;  Knipper, Martin5;  Aili, David3;  Li, Qingfeng3;  Vanroy, Bram6;  Wuebbenhorst, Michael6;  Yan, Feng7;  Van Meervelt, Luc4;  Shao, Zhigang8;  Fang, Jianhua9;  Luo, Zheng-Hong9;  De Vos, Dirk E.2;  Binnemans, Koen4;  Fransaer, Jan1
刊名: ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
发表日期: 2015
DOI: 10.1039/c4ee02280g
卷: 8, 期:4, 页:1276-1291
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ;  Physical Sciences ;  Technology ;  Life Sciences & Biomedicine
类目[WOS]: Chemistry, Multidisciplinary ;  Energy & Fuels ;  Engineering, Chemical ;  Environmental Sciences
研究领域[WOS]: Chemistry ;  Energy & Fuels ;  Engineering ;  Environmental Sciences & Ecology
英文摘要: 1,2,4-Triazolium perfluorobutanesulfonate (1), a novel, pure protic organic ionic plastic crystal (POIPC) with a wide plastic crystalline phase, has been explored as a proof-of-principle anhydrous proton conductor for all-solid-state high temperature hydrogen/air fuel cells. Its physicochemical properties, including thermal, mechanical, structural, morphological, crystallographic, spectral, and ion-conducting properties, as well as fuel cell performances, have been studied comprehensively in both fundamental and device-oriented aspects. With superior thermal stability, 1 exhibits crystal (phase III), plastic crystalline (phase II and I) and melt phases successively from -173 degrees C to 200 degrees C. Differential scanning calorimetry and temperaturedependent powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements together with polarized optical microscopy and thermomechanical analysis reveal the two solid-solid phase transitions of 1 at 76.8 degrees C and 87.2 degrees C prior to the melting transition at 180.9 degrees C, showing a wide plastic phase (87-181 degrees C). Scanning electron microscopy displays the morphology of different phases, indicating the plasticity in phase I. Single-crystal XRD studies reveal the molecular structure of 1 and its three-dimensional N-H/O hydrogen bonding network. The influence of the three-dimensional hydrogen bonding network on the physicochemical properties of 1 has been highlighted. The temperature dependence of hydrogen bonding is investigated by variable-temperature infrared spectroscopy. The sudden weakening of hydrogen bonds at 82 degrees C seems to be coupled with the onset of orientational or rotational disorder of the ions. The temperature dependence of ionic conductivity in the solid and molten states is measured via impedance spectroscopy and current interruption technique, respectively. The Arrhenius plot of the ionic conductivity assumes a lower plateau region (phase I, 100-155 degrees C) with a low activation energy of similar to 36.7 kJ mol(-1) (i.e. similar to 0.38 eV), suggesting likely a Grotthuss mechanism for the proton conduction. Variabletemperature infrared analysis, optical morphological observations, and powder XRD patterns further illustrate the structural changes. Electrochemical hydrogen pumping tests confirm the protonic nature of the ionic conduction observed in the lower plateau region. Finally, measurements of the open circuit voltages (OCVs) and the polarization curves of a dry hydrogen/air fuel cell prove the long-range proton conduction. At 150 degrees C, a high OCV of 1.05 V is achieved, approaching the theoretical maximum (1.11 V).
关键词[WOS]: IMIDAZOLIUM METHANESULFONATE ;  DIFFUSION-COEFFICIENT ;  TRANSPORT-PROPERTIES ;  THERMAL MEASUREMENTS ;  HYDROGEN-BONDS ;  CONDUCTIVITY ;  LIQUIDS ;  ACID ;  NMR ;  MECHANISM
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000352275500016
Citation statistics: 
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/146147
Appears in Collections:中国科学院大连化学物理研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Mat Engn, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium
2.Katholieke Univ Leuven, Ctr Surface Chem & Catalysis, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium
3.Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Energy Convers & Storage, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark
4.Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Chem, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium
5.Carl von Ossietzky Univ Oldenburg, Dept Phys, D-26129 Oldenburg, Germany
6.Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Phys & Astron, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium
7.Soochow Univ, Dept Polymer Sci & Engn, Suzhou 215123, Peoples R China
8.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
9.Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Luo, Jiangshui,Jensen, Annemette H.,Brooks, Neil R.,et al. 1,2,4-Triazolium perfluorobutanesulfonate as an archetypal pure protic organic ionic plastic crystal electrolyte for all-solid-state fuel cells[J]. ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE,2015,8(4):1276-1291.
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