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Scientific analysis of tie luo, a Qing Dynasty calligraphy artifact in the Palace Museum, Beijing, China
Wei,Le1; Chen,Wenjia1; Jin,Gaowa2; Guo,Zhimou2; Wang,Yunli1; Kang,Baoqiang1; Wang,Na1; Gu,An1; Zhang,Yun1; Lei,Yong1
Corresponding AuthorLei,Yong(leiyongleo@hotmail.com)
KeywordTie luo Affixed hanging Calligraphy Pigment coating Fenjian Sappanwood
Source PublicationHeritage Science
2018-05-02
ISSN2050-7445
DOI10.1186/s40494-018-0193-2
Volume6Issue:1
AbstractAbstractTie luo (affixed hanging) was an expressive form of traditional Chinese calligraphy or paintings, and popular in the imperial palaces for interior decorations in Qing Dynasty (1644–1911 C.E.). A piece of calligraphic tie luo, written by an eminent calligrapher Gu Gao (1763–1832 C.E.), was restored recently in the Palace Museum, Beijing, China. The paper with pigment coating specially made for this calligraphic piece was named as fenjian. This article presented results from materials identification prior to the restoration. Multianalysis with scientific approaches revealed how tie luo was manufactured. It could be concluded that the investigated tie luo used a paper made from bast fibers of mulberry trees. And the decorative ground layer for the piece was also studied, which indicated that a type of organic red pigments were used for the masterpiece. White lead was considered as the main pigment, mixed with a red dye extracted from sappanwood. Meanwhile, animal glue, drying oils and beeswax were confirmed as the organic binding media. In dye analysis, protosappanin B and brazilin as well as brazilein were identified, which implied that sappanwood was used for the organic manufacture of pigments. In addition, both Nowik type A and C were found in the research, which were characteristic of sappanwood for identification.
Language英语
WOS IDBMC:10.1186/s40494-018-0193-2
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/167093
Collection中国科学院大连化学物理研究所
Corresponding AuthorLei,Yong
Affiliation1.
2.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wei,Le,Chen,Wenjia,Jin,Gaowa,et al. Scientific analysis of tie luo, a Qing Dynasty calligraphy artifact in the Palace Museum, Beijing, China[J]. Heritage Science,2018,6(1).
APA Wei,Le.,Chen,Wenjia.,Jin,Gaowa.,Guo,Zhimou.,Wang,Yunli.,...&Lei,Yong.(2018).Scientific analysis of tie luo, a Qing Dynasty calligraphy artifact in the Palace Museum, Beijing, China.Heritage Science,6(1).
MLA Wei,Le,et al."Scientific analysis of tie luo, a Qing Dynasty calligraphy artifact in the Palace Museum, Beijing, China".Heritage Science 6.1(2018).
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