DICP OpenIR
Support mass transfer resistance of Pd/ceramic composite membranes in the presence of sweep gas
Zhao, Chenyang1,2; Caravella, Alessio3; Xu, Hengyong1; Brunetti, Adele4; Barbieri, Giuseppe4; Goldbach, Andreas1
KeywordSupported Palladium Membrane Sweep Gas Permeate Pressure Porous Support Mass Transfer Resistance
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE
2018-03-15
ISSN0376-7388
DOI10.1016/j.memsci.2017.12.082
Volume550Pages:365-376
Indexed BySCI
SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology ; Physical Sciences
WOS SubjectEngineering, Chemical ; Polymer Science
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Polymer Science
WOS KeywordLAW PRESSURE EXPONENT ; PD-ALLOY MEMBRANES ; HYDROGEN PERMEATION ; PROCESS INTENSIFICATION ; PALLADIUM MEMBRANES ; NONIDEAL DIFFUSION ; COUPLED INFLUENCE ; CO2 CAPTURE ; SEPARATION ; REACTORS
AbstractThe present paper aims at reducing the general lack of fundamental understanding about the effects of sweep gas on membranes supported on porous substrates. This is necessary to design better performing membranes for hydrogen purification and CO2 capture applications. Sweep gas is a widely considered option for enhancing the separation performance of hydrogen-selective Pd membranes in e.g. pre-combustion carbon capture and H-2 production via low-temperature steam reforming. However, additional mass transfer resistance arises when using sweep gas with composite membranes due to its diffusion into the porous support. In order to assess this issue quantitatively, the influence of N-2 sweep gas was systematically studied over a wide permeate pressure range using a 5 mu m thick Pd membrane supported on an asymmetric ceramic support tube. Experiments were carried out between 300 and 500 degrees C at a trans-membrane pressure difference of 100 kPa. These measurements were complemented with mathematical modelling to elucidate the mass transfer resistance associated with the sweep gas. In general, the mass transfer resistance of the support grew substantially with permeate pressure and increasing sweep rate, contributing up to 40% to the total mass transfer resistance at the highest investigated permeate pressure (1 MPa). The negative impact of higher permeate pressures on the permeating fluxes could be effectively compensated by using relatively small sweep flow rates up to 100 mL min(-1). Further increase of the sweep gas amount improved the permeation flux only by moderate margins albeit the sweep gas effect was a little stronger at higher permeate pressures. For example, the H-2 permeation rate improved by ca. 29% (38%) when raising the sweep flow rate from 100 mL min(-1) to 500 mL min(-1) at 400 degrees C and 100 kPa (900 kPa) permeate pressure. The relative permeation rate improvement with sweep rate became weaker with increasing temperature. The reduction of the support mass transfer resistance appears to be a promising strategy for enhancing hydrogen permeation through Pd composite membranes in situations that require the application of sweep gas.
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000424469100037
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/168683
Collection中国科学院大连化学物理研究所
Corresponding AuthorCaravella, Alessio; Goldbach, Andreas
Affiliation1.Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dalian Natl Lab Clean Energy, Zhongshan Rd 457, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Univ Calabria, Dept Environm & Chem Engn, Via P Bucci,Cubo 44A, I-87036 Arcavacata Di Rende, CS, Italy
4.Natl Res Council ITM CNR, Inst Membrane Technol, Via P Bucci,Cubo 17C, I-87036 Arcavacata Di Rende, CS, Italy
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhao, Chenyang,Caravella, Alessio,Xu, Hengyong,et al. Support mass transfer resistance of Pd/ceramic composite membranes in the presence of sweep gas[J]. JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE,2018,550:365-376.
APA Zhao, Chenyang,Caravella, Alessio,Xu, Hengyong,Brunetti, Adele,Barbieri, Giuseppe,&Goldbach, Andreas.(2018).Support mass transfer resistance of Pd/ceramic composite membranes in the presence of sweep gas.JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE,550,365-376.
MLA Zhao, Chenyang,et al."Support mass transfer resistance of Pd/ceramic composite membranes in the presence of sweep gas".JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE 550(2018):365-376.
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Zhao, Chenyang]'s Articles
[Caravella, Alessio]'s Articles
[Xu, Hengyong]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Zhao, Chenyang]'s Articles
[Caravella, Alessio]'s Articles
[Xu, Hengyong]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Zhao, Chenyang]'s Articles
[Caravella, Alessio]'s Articles
[Xu, Hengyong]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.