DICP OpenIR
Synthesis of Tetrahydropyrrolo/indolo[1,2-a]pyrazines by Enantioselective Hydrogenation of Heterocyclic Imines
Hu Shu-Bo1,2; Chen Mu-Wang1; Zhai Xiao-Yong1; Zhou Yong-Gui1
KeywordAsymmetric Hydrogenation Heterocyclic Imines Tetrahydropyrrolo/indolo[1 2-a]Pyrazines
Source PublicationACTA CHIMICA SINICA
2018-02-15
ISSN0567-7351
DOI10.6023/A17110476
Volume76Issue:2Pages:103-106
Indexed BySCI
SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
WOS SubjectChemistry, Multidisciplinary
WOS Research AreaChemistry
WOS KeywordCATALYZED ASYMMETRIC HYDROGENATION ; FRIEDEL-CRAFTS REACTION ; HETEROAROMATIC-COMPOUNDS ; CYCLIC IMINES ; PROGRESS ; DERIVATIVES
Abstract1,2,3,4-Tetrahydropyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazines are an important motif due to their biological activities and widely existing in natural products. Notably, the substituent and the absolute configuration are important for the medicinal efficacy. Thus, the synthesis of chiral tetrahydropyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazines has attracted much attention of scientists. Most synthetic methods utilized chiral starting materials or auxiliaries. Kinetic resolution was an alternative way to give chiral tetrahydropyrrolo[ 1,2-a]pyrazines. The first catalytic asymmetric synthetic method was developed in 2011 by Li and Antilla through a chiral phosphoric acid-catalyzed asymmetric intramolecular aza-Friedel-Crafts reaction of aldehydes with N-aminoethylpyrroles in high enantiocontrol level. Subsequently, the sequential aerobic oxidation-asymmetric intramolecular aza-Friedel-Crafts reaction between N-aminoethylpyrroles and benzyl alcohols for the synthesis of tetrahydropyrrolo[ 1,2-a]pyrazines was realized using chiral bifunctional heterogeneous materials composed of Au/Pd nanoparticles and chiral phosphoric acids. The asymmetric hydrogenation as an efficient way has been successfully applied to synthesize the kind of chiral amines. In 2012, Our group achieved the asymmetric hydrogenation of 1-substituted pyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazines via a substrate activation strategy. Recently, we reported the direct asymmetric hydrogenation of 3-substituted pyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazines in up to 96% ee values. Considering their impressive significance, herein, we successfully hydrogenated 3,4-dihydropyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazines and 3,4-dihydroindolo[1,2-a]pyrazines with up to 99% yield and 95% ee. The reaction features mild condition, high enantioselectivity and high atom-economy. The typical procedure for asymmetric hydrogenation is as follows: A mixture of [Ir(COD) Cl](2) (3.0 mg, 0.0045 mmol) and the ligand Cy-WalPhos (6.6 mg, 0.0099 mmol) was stirred in toluene (1.0 mL) at room temperature for 5 min in the glove box. Then the solution was transferred to the vial containing the substrate 3,4-dihydropyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazines (0.3 mmol) together with toluene (2.0 mL). The vial was taken to an autoclave and the hydrogenation was conducted at 40. as well as at a hydrogen pressure of 500 psi for 48 h. After carefully releasing the hydrogen, the autoclave was opened and the toluene was evaporated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography to afford the corresponding chiral tetrahydropyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazines.
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000430047400004
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/169117
Collection中国科学院大连化学物理研究所
Corresponding AuthorZhou Yong-Gui
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hu Shu-Bo,Chen Mu-Wang,Zhai Xiao-Yong,et al. Synthesis of Tetrahydropyrrolo/indolo[1,2-a]pyrazines by Enantioselective Hydrogenation of Heterocyclic Imines[J]. ACTA CHIMICA SINICA,2018,76(2):103-106.
APA Hu Shu-Bo,Chen Mu-Wang,Zhai Xiao-Yong,&Zhou Yong-Gui.(2018).Synthesis of Tetrahydropyrrolo/indolo[1,2-a]pyrazines by Enantioselective Hydrogenation of Heterocyclic Imines.ACTA CHIMICA SINICA,76(2),103-106.
MLA Hu Shu-Bo,et al."Synthesis of Tetrahydropyrrolo/indolo[1,2-a]pyrazines by Enantioselective Hydrogenation of Heterocyclic Imines".ACTA CHIMICA SINICA 76.2(2018):103-106.
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