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Performance comparison of low-temperature direct alcohol fuel cells with different anode catalysts; Performance comparison of low-temperature direct alcohol fuel cells with different anode catalysts
Zhou, WJ; Zhou, B; Li, WZ; Zhou, ZH; Song, SQ; Sun, GQ; Xin, Q; Douvartzides, S; Goula, A; Tsiakaras, P
关键词Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell Ptru Anode Ptru Anode Ptsn Anode Ptsn Anode
刊名JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES ; JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES
2004-02-16 ; 2004-02-16
DOI10.1016/j.jpowersour.2003.08.009 ; 10.1016/j.jpowersour.2003.08.009
126期:1-2页:16-22
收录类别SCI ; SCI
文章类型Article ; Article
项目归属305 ; 305
产权排名1;1 ; 1;1
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Science & Technology ; Physical Sciences ; Physical Sciences ; Technology ; Technology
类目[WOS]Electrochemistry ; Electrochemistry ; Energy & Fuels ; Energy & Fuels
研究领域[WOS]Electrochemistry ; Electrochemistry ; Energy & Fuels ; Energy & Fuels
关键词[WOS]RU ALLOY SURFACES ; RU ALLOY SURFACES ; FORMIC-ACID ; FORMIC-ACID ; METHANOL ELECTROOXIDATION ; METHANOL ELECTROOXIDATION ; ELECTROCATALYTIC OXIDATION ; ELECTROCATALYTIC OXIDATION ; CARBON-MONOXIDE ; CARBON-MONOXIDE ; PLATINUM SURFACES ; PLATINUM SURFACES ; AD-ATOMS ; AD-ATOMS ; PART I ; PART I ; ETHANOL ; ETHANOL ; ELECTRODE ; ELECTRODE
英文摘要Low-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells directly fed by methanol and ethanol were investigated employing carbon supported Pt, PtSn and PtRu as anode catalysts, respectively. Employing Pt/C as anode catalyst, both direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) and direct ethanol fuel cell (DEFC) showed poor performances even in presence of high Pt loading on anode. It was found that the addition of Ru or Sn to the Pt dramatically enhances the electro-oxidation of both methanol and ethanol. It was also found that the single cell adopting PtRu/C as anode shows better DMFC performance, while PtSn/C catalyst shows better DEFC performance. The single fuel cell using PtSn/C as anode catalyst at 90degreesC shows similar power densities whenever fueled by methanol or ethanol. The cyclic voltammetry (CV) and single fuel cell tests indicated that PtRu is more suitable for DMFC while PtSn is more suitable for DEFC. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; Low-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells directly fed by methanol and ethanol were investigated employing carbon supported Pt, PtSn and PtRu as anode catalysts, respectively. Employing Pt/C as anode catalyst, both direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) and direct ethanol fuel cell (DEFC) showed poor performances even in presence of high Pt loading on anode. It was found that the addition of Ru or Sn to the Pt dramatically enhances the electro-oxidation of both methanol and ethanol. It was also found that the single cell adopting PtRu/C as anode shows better DMFC performance, while PtSn/C catalyst shows better DEFC performance. The single fuel cell using PtSn/C as anode catalyst at 90degreesC shows similar power densities whenever fueled by methanol or ethanol. The cyclic voltammetry (CV) and single fuel cell tests indicated that PtRu is more suitable for DMFC while PtSn is more suitable for DEFC. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
语种英语 ; 英语
原文出处查看原文 ; 查看原文
WOS记录号WOS:000188947000003 ; WOS:000188947000003
引用统计
被引频次:173[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/80959
专题中国科学院大连化学物理研究所
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells Lab, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Natl Key Lab Catalysis, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
3.Univ Thessaly, Dept Mech & Ind Engn, Pedion Areos 38334, Volos, Greece
4.Headwaters Nanokinetix, Lawrenceville, NJ 08648 USA
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GB/T 7714
Zhou, WJ,Zhou, B,Li, WZ,et al. Performance comparison of low-temperature direct alcohol fuel cells with different anode catalysts, Performance comparison of low-temperature direct alcohol fuel cells with different anode catalysts[J]. JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES,2004, 2004,126, 126(1-2):16-22, 16-22.
APA Zhou, WJ.,Zhou, B.,Li, WZ.,Zhou, ZH.,Song, SQ.,...&Tsiakaras, P.(2004).Performance comparison of low-temperature direct alcohol fuel cells with different anode catalysts.JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES,126(1-2),16-22.
MLA Zhou, WJ,et al."Performance comparison of low-temperature direct alcohol fuel cells with different anode catalysts".JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES 126.1-2(2004):16-22.
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