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Structure and chemical composition of supported Pt-Sn electrocatalysts for ethanol oxidation
Jiang, LH; Sun, GQ; Sun, SG; Liu, JG; Tang, SH; Li, HQ; Zhou, B; Xin, Q; Xin Q(辛勤); Xin Q(辛勤)
KeywordDirect Ethanol Fuel Cell Electrocatalyst Pt-sn Ethanol Electro-oxidation
Source PublicationELECTROCHIMICA ACTA
2005-09-20
DOI10.1016/j.electacta.2005.03.018
Volume50Issue:27Pages:5384-5389
Indexed BySCI
SubtypeArticle
Department3
Funding Project305
Contribution Rank1;1
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
WOS SubjectElectrochemistry
WOS Research AreaElectrochemistry
WOS KeywordFUEL-CELL ; ANODE CATALYSTS ; PLATINUM-TIN ; ELECTROOXIDATION ; TEMPERATURE ; METHANOL
AbstractCarbon supported PtSn alloy and PtSnOx particles with nominal Pt:Sn ratios of 3:1 were prepared by a modified polyol method. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and X-ray microchemical analysis were used to characterize the composition, size, distribution, and morphology of PtSn particles. The particles are predominantly single nanocrystals with diameters in the order of 2.0-3.0 nm. According to the XRD results, the lattice constant of Pt in the PtSn alloy is dilated due to Sn atoms penetrating into the Pt crystalline lattice. While for PtSnOx nanoparticles, the lattice constant of Pt only changed a little. HRTEM micrograph of PtSnOx clearly shows that the change of the spacing of Pt (111) plane is neglectable, meanwhile, SnO2 nanoparticles, characterized with the nominal 0.264 nm spacing of SnO2 (10 1) plane, were found in the vicinity of Pt particles. In contrast, the HRTEM micrograph of PtSn alloy shows that the spacing of Pt (111) plane extends to 0.234 nm from the original 0.226 nm. High resolution energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (HR-EDS) analyses show that all investigated particles in the two PtSn catalysts represent uniform Pt/Sn compositions very close to the nominal one. Cyclic voltammograms (CV) in sulfuric acid show that the hydrogen ad/desorption was inhibited on the surface of PtSn alloy compared to that on the surface of the PtSnOx catalyst. PtSnOx catalyst showed higher catalytic activity for ethanol electro-oxidation than PtSn alloy from the results of chronoamperometry (CA) analysis and the performance of direct ethanol fuel cells (DEFCs). It is deduced that the unchanged lattice parameter of Pt in the PtSnOx catalyst is favorable to ethanol adsorption and meanwhile, tin oxide in the vicinity of Pt nanoparticles could offer oxygen species conveniently to remove the CO-like species of ethanolic residues to free Pt active sites. (C) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Language英语
URL查看原文
WOS IDWOS:000232548100012
Citation statistics
Cited Times:210[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/93003
Collection中国科学院大连化学物理研究所
Corresponding AuthorXin Q(辛勤); Xin Q(辛勤)
Affiliation1.Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Direct Alcohol Fuel Cell Grp, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, State Key Lab Catalysis, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Jiang, LH,Sun, GQ,Sun, SG,et al. Structure and chemical composition of supported Pt-Sn electrocatalysts for ethanol oxidation[J]. ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA,2005,50(27):5384-5389.
APA Jiang, LH.,Sun, GQ.,Sun, SG.,Liu, JG.,Tang, SH.,...&辛勤.(2005).Structure and chemical composition of supported Pt-Sn electrocatalysts for ethanol oxidation.ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA,50(27),5384-5389.
MLA Jiang, LH,et al."Structure and chemical composition of supported Pt-Sn electrocatalysts for ethanol oxidation".ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA 50.27(2005):5384-5389.
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