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题名: Effects of GDC interlayer on performance of low-temperature SOFCs
作者: Yang, Min1, 2;  Yan, Aiyu1, 2;  Zhang, Min1, 2;  Hou, Zhifang1;  Dong, Yonglai1;  Cheng, Mojie1
通讯作者: 程谟杰
关键词: solid oxide fuel cells ;  Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 ;  interfacial modification ;  impedance spectroscopy ;  open circuit voltage
刊名: JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES
发表日期: 2008-01-03
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.09.019
卷: 175, 期:1, 页:345-352
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
部门归属: 3
项目归属: 302
产权排名: 1;1
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ;  Physical Sciences ;  Technology
类目[WOS]: Electrochemistry ;  Energy & Fuels
研究领域[WOS]: Electrochemistry ;  Energy & Fuels
英文摘要: To bridge the sintering temperature gap between the electrolyte and the cathode, low-temperature anode supported solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) with various thickness of electrolyte interlayer were fabricated and investigated. The porous thin interlayer was dip-coated and fired onto the dense Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (GDC) electrolyte surface. With humidified hydrogen as the fuel and air as the oxidant, the single cell with a 0.15 mu m interlayer achieved the maximum power density (MPD) of 0.9 W cm(-2) at 600 degrees C. The higher open circuit voltages (OCVs) (> 0.9 V at 600 degrees C) were obtained in this study. The impedance results showed that the porous interlayer not only improved the interfacial contact between electrolyte and cathode, but also increased electrochemically active surface area. The cathode/electrolyte polarization resistance exhibited minimum when a 0.15 mu m interlayer was added. The apparent activation energies derived from the Arrhenius plots of interfacial polarization resistances were about the same when the added interlayer was thinner, which indicated that the reaction mechanism did not change. However, the corresponding values were higher as the thick interlayer was introduced, which could be ascribed to the retarded oxygen ion transfer in the added porous layer. The cell area specific resistance (ASR) obtained by linear fitting I-V plot in the region of 0.6-0.7 V was higher than the ohmic resistance tested at OCV condition, and it was potentially attributed to the increased oxygen partial pressure at the anode as well as the contribution from polarization resistance, i.e. polarization of mass transport. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
关键词[WOS]: OXIDE FUEL-CELLS ;  DOPED CERIA ;  ELECTRICAL-PROPERTIES ;  ELECTROLYTES ;  CATHODES ;  ANODE ;  CONDUCTIVITY ;  BEHAVIOR ;  LAYERS
语种: 英语
原文出处: 查看原文
WOS记录号: WOS:000252513100044
Citation statistics: 
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/99511
Appears in Collections:中国科学院大连化学物理研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Yang, Min,Yan, Aiyu,Zhang, Min,et al. Effects of GDC interlayer on performance of low-temperature SOFCs[J]. JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES,2008,175(1):345-352.
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