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题名: Enhanced hydrogen storage performance of LiBH4-SiO2-TiF3 composite
作者: Zhang, Yao1;  Zhang, Wan-Sheng1;  Fan, Mei-Qiang1;  Liu, Shu-Sheng1;  Chu, Hai-Liang1;  Zhang, Yan-Hua1;  Gao, Xiu-Ying1;  Sun, Li-Xian1
通讯作者: 张耀
刊名: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C
发表日期: 2008-03-13
DOI: 10.1021/jp709814b
卷: 112, 期:10, 页:4005-4010
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
部门归属: 15
项目归属: 1504,1501
产权排名: 1;1
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ;  Physical Sciences ;  Technology
类目[WOS]: Chemistry, Physical ;  Nanoscience & Nanotechnology ;  Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
研究领域[WOS]: Chemistry ;  Science & Technology - Other Topics ;  Materials Science
英文摘要: The destabilization approach for SiO2-doped LiBH4 hydrogen storage composite is identified as 4LiBH(4) + 2SiO(2) -> Li4SiO4 + 4B + Si + 8H(2), and Li4SiO4 is the thermodynamic obstacle for its reverse action. TiF3 was doped in the composite for avoiding the formation of Li4SiO4 and thus enhancing the reversible hydrogen storage properties. Experimental analysis on LiBH4-SiO2-TiF3 composite was performed via thermogravimetry (TG), temperature programmed desorption (TPD), mass spectral analysis (MS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), isothermal sorption, and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). For LiBH4-20 wt % SiO2-30 wt % TiF3 composite, the dehydrogenation temperature starts from 70 degrees C and decreases by an average of 100 degrees C from that of LiBH4-20 wt % SiO2- Its maximum amount attains 8.3 wt % below 500 degrees C. The whole dehydrogenation can be regarded as a two-step process: (i) preferential reaction (3LiBH(4) + TiF3 - 3LiF + TiB2 + B + 6H(2)) occurring at around 70 degrees C, and (ii) principal reactions occurring simultaneously both at interface (LiBH4 + TiF3 + SiO2) and inside the bulk (self-decomposition of LiBH4). Doped TiF3 noticeably reduces the energy activation of the reaction at interface. However, the reaction inside the bulk is the rate-controlled process. This composite also demonstrates the ability of rehydrogenation under the pressure of 4.5 MPa. The hydrogen absorption is temperature-dependent and reaches 4 wt % H-2 within 14 000 s at 500 degrees C.
关键词[WOS]: LIBH4 ;  BOROHYDRIDE ;  RELEASE ;  SYSTEMS ;  IMIDES
语种: 英语
原文出处: 查看原文
WOS记录号: WOS:000253784400075
Citation statistics: 
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://cas-ir.dicp.ac.cn/handle/321008/99973
Appears in Collections:中国科学院大连化学物理研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dept Aerosp Catalysis & New Mat, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Zhang, Yao,Zhang, Wan-Sheng,Fan, Mei-Qiang,et al. Enhanced hydrogen storage performance of LiBH4-SiO2-TiF3 composite[J]. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C,2008,112(10):4005-4010.
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